Accumulation of the parkin-interacting substrate (PARIS; ZNF746), due to inactivation of parkin, contributes to Parkinson's disease (PD) through repression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC- 1α; PPARGC1A) activity. Here, we identify farnesol as an inhibitor of PARIS. Farnesol promoted the farnesylation of PARIS, preventing its repression of PGC-1α via decreasing PARIS occupancy on the PPARGC1A promoter. Farnesol prevented dopaminergic neuronal loss and behavioral deficits via farnesylation of PARIS in PARIS transgenic mice, ventral midbrain transduction of AAV-PARIS, adult conditional parkin KO mice, and the α-synuclein preformed fibril model of sporadic PD. PARIS farnesylation is decreased in the substantia nigra of patients with PD, suggesting that reduced farnesylation of PARIS may play a role in PD. Thus, farnesol may be beneficial in the treatment of PD by enhancing the farnesylation of PARIS and restoring PGC-1α activity.
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