Parental perception of a picture-based chronic asthma care management tool in an urban pediatric emergency department

K. H. Pade, L. R. Thompson, B. Ravandi, T. P. Chang, F. Barry, J. S. Halterman, P. G. Szilagyi, S. O. Okelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: National asthma guidelines recommend use of an asthma action plan (AAP) as part of chronic asthma care. Unfortunately, AAPs have not been tailored for use in acute care settings, where many patients at risk for poor chronic asthma care are seen, including those who are non-English-speaking or have low literacy levels. We previously developed a picture-based medication plan (PBMP), a unique type of AAP for use in an ambulatory setting and designed to increase patient use and understanding. However, little is known about how parents seeking emergency department (ED) asthma care would perceive the PBMP. Objective: To assess parental attitudes toward an asthma PBMP in the largest pediatric ED in Los Angeles County. Methods: We surveyed a consecutive sample of English- or Spanish-speaking parents of children 2-17 years seeking ED asthma care. Parents used a 5-point Likert scale for various statements regarding their perceptions of the PBMP. Responses were analyzed by sociodemographics, asthma control, and health literacy using Chi-squared and t-tests. Results: 90 parents provided feedback on the PBMP. The majority of parents endorsed the PBMP. Endorsement was 20%-30% higher among Spanish-speaking parents and those who did not complete high-school compared to English-speaking parents and parents with a high school education or higher (p < 0.05 for both comparisons). Conclusion: Spanish-speaking parents and parents with less than a high-school education overwhelmingly endorsed the PBMP. It may be useful to consider incorporating the PBMP as part of patient-centered chronic asthma care strategies for populations seen in ED settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1023
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Asthma
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Asthma
  • asthma action plan
  • chronic care
  • emergency
  • picture based medication plan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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