Parental body mass index and blood pressure are associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in their adult offspring: a cross-sectional study in a resource-limited setting in northern Peru

Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Víctor G. Sal y Rosas, Katherine A. Sacksteder, Francisco Diez-Canseco, María K. Cárdenas, Robert H. Gilman, J. Jaime Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: High body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) are major contributors to the high burden of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Individual high-risk and population approaches for prevention require newer strategies to target these risk factors and focusing on the family to introduce prevention initiatives appears as a promising scenario. Characterisation of the relationship between BMI and BP among the adult members of a given family merits evaluation. We conducted a secondary analysis of an implementation study in Tumbes, Peru, benefiting from data derived from families with at least one adult offspring. Methods: The exposures of interest were the BMI, systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) of the mother and father. The outcomes were the BMI, SBP and DBP of the offspring. Mixed-effects linear regression models were conducted. Results: The mean age of the offspring, mothers and fathers was 29 (SD: 9.5), 54 (SD: 11.8) and 59 (SD: 11.6) years, respectively. Father's BMI was associated with a quarter-point increase in offspring BMI, regardless of the sex of the offspring. Mother's BMI had a similar effect on the BMI of her sons, but had no significant effect on her daughters’. Mother's SBP was associated with almost one-tenth of mmHg increase in the SBP of the adult offspring. There was no evidence of an association for DBP. Conclusions: In families with adult members, the higher the parents’ BMI and SBP, the higher their adult offspring's levels will be.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • body mass index
  • family health
  • hypertension
  • obesity
  • overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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