Objective: Although national asthma guidelines recommend use of validated questionnaires to improve asthma care, little is known about the extent to which these questionnaires are patient-centered. This qualitative study evaluated parent perceptions of a validated asthma questionnaire. Methods: We administered the Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument for the Emergency Department (PACCI-ED) to parents of children 2 to 17 years old presenting to a large urban pediatric ED for asthma care and assessed their perceptions of the tool's utility and acceptability via a structured interview. Responses were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a phenomenological approach. Results: Eighty-three parents participated. Qualitative analysis revealed 2 major themes (with 5 subthemes). The first major theme (and 3 subthemes) was that the PACCI-ED facilitated communication with the health care team and caregivers: improving communication 1) with ED providers, 2) in other settings such as schools, and 3) in the primary care setting where the relationship with primary care providers was felt to be variable. The second major theme (and 2 subthemes) was that the PACCI-ED increased parents’ capacity to manage their child's asthma: by helping parents understand 1) what symptoms were related to asthma and 2) how those symptoms might change over time. Conclusions: Parents perceive that the PACCI-ED is acceptable and useful for facilitating communication in the ED and other health care settings, and for building parent capacity to track and manage their child's asthma. A validated structured asthma questionnaire in the ED may facilitate patient-centered asthma care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health