Paraoxonase 192 Gln → Arg polymorphism: An independent risk factor for nonfatal arterial ischemic stroke among young adults

Barbara Voetsch, Kelly S. Benke, Benito P. Damasceno, Lcia H. Siqueira, Joseph Loscalzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Purpose - The etiology of arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in the young remains unknown in one third of patients. Serum paraoxonase (PON1) is an HDL-associated esterase that hydrolyzes products of lipid peroxidation and prevents the oxidation of LDL. Two common polymorphisms in the PON1 gene, the 192 Gln (Q) → Arg (R) and 55 Leu (L) → Met (M) substitutions, determine interindividual variation in PON1 activity. The association of these polymorphisms with the risk of AIS remains controversial. Methods - We analyzed 118 patients (64 women) with a first nonfatal AIS occurring <45 years of age and 118 1:1 age (±2 years)- and sex-matched controls. The PON1 polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction amplification and restriction digestion. Results - The prevalence of the PON1 192RR genotype (P=0.006) and the frequency of the R allele (P=0.010) were significantly increased among young AIS patients compared with controls. After adjustment for conventional vascular and prothrombotic risk factors, the 192RR genotype remained independently associated with a 4-fold increase in the risk of AIS (odds ratio=4.1; 95% CI, 1.14 to 14.73). Subanalyses stratified by the presence of vascular risk factors and ethnicity did not significantly modify the effect of the PON1 192 polymorphism on AIS risk. No significant differences were found between patients and controls regarding the PON1 55 polymorphism. Conclusions - These findings suggest that the PON 192RR genotype is independently associated with an increased risk of nonfatal AIS among young adults. Further studies are necessary to understand better the mechanistic implications of these observations in the development of AIS in the young.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1459-1464
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Polymorphism
  • Risk factors
  • Stroke, ischemic
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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