Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that is characterized by a prodromal illness of fever, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis followed by the appearance of a generalized maculopapular rash. Before the widespread use of measles vaccines, it was estimated that measles caused between 5 million and 8 million deaths worldwide each year. Remarkable progress has been made in reducing global measles incidence and mortality rates through measles vaccination. Progress in global measles control has renewed discussion of measles eradication. In contrast to poliovirus eradication, the eradication of measles virus will not entail challenges posed by prolonged shedding of potentially virulent vaccine viruses and environmental viral reservoirs. However, higher levels of population immunity will be necessary to interrupt measles virus transmission, more highly skilled health care workers will be required to administer measles vaccines, and containment through case detection and ring vaccination will be more difficult for measles virus because of infectivity before rash onset. Despite enormous progress, measles remains a leading vaccine-preventable cause of childhood mortality worldwide and continues to cause outbreaks in communities with low vaccination.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Viral Infections of Humans|
|Subtitle of host publication||Epidemiology and Control|
|Number of pages||16|
|ISBN (Print)||1489974474, 9781489974471|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas