Paralimbic gray matter reductions in incarcerated adolescent females with psychopathic traits

Lora M. Cope, Elsa Ermer, Prashanth K. Nyalakanti, Vince Daniel Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Psychopathy-related paralimbic and limbic structural brain abnormalities have been implicated in incarcerated adult and adolescent male samples. However, there have been few neuroimaging studies of psychopathic traits in females in general and no studies from incarcerated female youth in particular. Here we present the first study to examine the relationship between brain gray matter volumes and psychopathic traits (assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-Youth Version [PCL-YV]) in a sample of maximum-security incarcerated female adolescents (N∈=∈39; mean age∈=∈17.6 years). Consistent with male samples, regional gray matter volumes were negatively related to psychopathic traits in female youth offenders in limbic and paralimbic areas, including orbitofrontal cortex, parahippocampal cortex, temporal poles, and left hippocampus. These results provide evidence that psychopathic traits manifest similar neural abnormalities across sex and age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-668
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Brain
Temporal Lobe
Prefrontal Cortex
Checklist
Neuroimaging
Hippocampus
Gray Matter

Keywords

  • Adolescent females
  • Incarcerated offenders
  • Paralimbic structures
  • Psychopathic traits
  • Psychopathy Checklist-Youth Version (PCL-YV)
  • Voxel-based morphometry (VBM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Paralimbic gray matter reductions in incarcerated adolescent females with psychopathic traits. / Cope, Lora M.; Ermer, Elsa; Nyalakanti, Prashanth K.; Calhoun, Vince Daniel; Kiehl, Kent A.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2014, p. 659-668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cope, Lora M. ; Ermer, Elsa ; Nyalakanti, Prashanth K. ; Calhoun, Vince Daniel ; Kiehl, Kent A. / Paralimbic gray matter reductions in incarcerated adolescent females with psychopathic traits. In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2014 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 659-668.
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