Paradoxical activation of major platelet receptors in the methadone-maintained patients after single pill of aspirin

Alex I. Malinin, Kevin P. Callahan, Victor L. Serebruany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Chronic drug abuse is an established cause of acute coronary events and sudden death. The association between use of narcotics and platelet abnormalities is well described. However, it is still not clear, how aspirin affects expression of major platelet receptors in chronic drug users with coronary artery disease, especially those recovering in the methadone clinic maintenance program. We sought to compare how a single pill of non-enteric coated aspirin (325-mg) affects human platelets in patients with coronary artery disease dependent on methadone use. Methods: Data from 30 subjects were analyzed, eight of them were the chronic drug addicts, and participated in a methadone recovery program. Platelets were assessed twice at baseline (pre-aspirin), and after 3-24 hours (post-aspirin). The expression of platelet receptors was determined by using the following monoclonal antibodies: CD31 (PECAM-1), CD41 (GPIIb), CD42b (GPIb), CD51/CD61 (vitronectin receptor), CD62p (P-selectin), CD63 (LIMP or LAMP-3), CD107a (LAMP-1), CD151 (PETA-3), and PAC-1 for fibrinogen-platelet binding determination (PharMingen, San Diego, CA). Platelet-leukocyte interactions were assessed by using dual antibodies for a pan-platelet marker (CD151), together with CD14, a monocyte/macrophage marker. Results: In a drug free group, digestion of a single tablet of aspirin resulted in a significantly (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-299
Number of pages3
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2001

Keywords

  • Aspirin
  • Flow cytometry
  • Narcotics
  • Platelets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Hematology

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