Peptide YY (PYY) is a 36-amino-acid peptide known to inhibit pancreatic and gastrointestinal secretion. Immediately following small bowel resection, intestinal PYY mRNA and plasma PYY levels rise. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PYY expression changes in the pancreas during the adaptive period after extensive small bowel resection. Female Sprague-Dawley rats (250 g) underwent 70% small intestinal resection or transection alone as control. Animals were sacrificed at 6 hr, 24 hr, 1 week, or 2 weeks following operation (N = 5/time group). Pancreatic tissue was harvested and RNA was isolated by the guanididium-thiocyanate method. PYY mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcriptase PCR, standardized to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and semiquantitated by Southern blotting and 32P cpm. Ribonuclease protection assay was used to confirm PCR results. PYY mRNA expression was increased 9 1/2-fold beginning 6 hr after resection compared to transection (P < 0.05). PYY mRNA levels remain elevated, 2 1/4-fold greater than control after 2 weeks (P < 0.05) as analyzed by reverse transcriptase PCR and ribonuclease protection assay. Quantitation by ribonuclease protection assay reveals a gradual elevation of PYY mRNA levels in transected animals compared to a nonoperated rat starting at 1 and 2 weeks. Pancreatic PYY mRNA levels increase rapidly after extensive intestinal resection and remain elevated 2 weeks postoperatively. These results confirm for the first time that the increase in PYY seen after extensive intestinal resection also occurs in extraintestinal sites. In the pancreas, elevated PYY levels may inhibit exocrine secretion, reducing luminal volume, and thereby facilitating intestinal adaptation.
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