Pancreatic neuro-insular network in young mice revealed by 3D panoramic histology

Shiue Cheng Tang, Chia Ning Shen, Pei Yu Lin, Shih Jung Peng, Hung Jen Chien, Ya Hsien Chou, Chester E. Chamberlain, Pankaj J. Pasricha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: It has been proposed that the neuro-insular network enables rapid, synchronised insulin secretion. However, to date, acquiring the pancreatic tissue map to study the neural network remains a challenging task as there is a lack of feasible approaches for large-scale tissue analysis at the organ level. Here, we have developed 3-dimensional (3D) panoramic histology to characterise the pancreatic neuro-insular network in young mice. Methods: Pancreases harvested from young wild-type B6 mice (3 and 8 weeks old) and db/db mice (3 weeks old; db/db vs db/+) were used to develop 3D panoramic histology. Transparent pancreases were prepared by optical clearing to enable deep-tissue, tile-scanning microscopy for qualitative and quantitative analyses of islets and the pancreatic tissue network in space. Results: 3D panoramic histology reveals the pancreatic neurovascular network and the coupling of ganglionic and islet populations via the network. This integration is identified in both 3- and 8-week-old mice, featuring the peri-arteriolar neuro-insular network and islet–ganglionic aggregation. In weaning hyperphagic db/db mice, the 3D image data identifies the associated increases in weight, adipose tissue attached to the pancreas, density of large islets (major axis > 150 μm) and pancreatic sympathetic innervation compared with db/+ mice. Conclusions/interpretation: Our work provides insight into the neuro-insular integration at the organ level and demonstrates a new approach for investigating previously unknown details of the pancreatic tissue network in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-167
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetologia
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • 3D histology
  • Ganglion
  • Insulin
  • Islet
  • Neural network
  • Obesity
  • Sympathetic nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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