Specific amplification of human sequences of up to several kb length has recently been accomplished in man-hamster and man-mouse somatic hybrid cell DNA by IRS-PCR (interspersed repetitive sequence — polymerase chain reaction). This approach is based on oligonucleotide primers that anneal specifically to human Alu- or L1-sequences and allows the amplification of any human sequences located between adequately spaced, inverted Alu- or L1-blocks. Here, we demonstrate that probe pools generated from two somatic hybrid cell lines by Alu- and L1-PCR can be used for chromosome painting in normal human lymphocyte metaphase spreads by chromosomal in situ suppression (CISS-) hybridization. The painted chromosomes and chromosome subregions directly represent the content of normal and deleted human chromosomes in the two somatic hybrid cell lines. The combination of IRS-PCR and CISS-hybridization will facilitate and improve the cytogenetic analysis of somatic hybrid cell panels, in particular, in cases where structurally aberrant human chromosomes or human chromosome segments involved in interspecies translocations cannot be unequivocally identified by classical banding techniques. Moreover, this new approach will help to generate probe pools for the specific delineation of human chromosome subregions for use in cytogenetic diagnostics and research without the necessity of cloning.
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