PAC, an evolutionarily conserved membrane protein, is a proton-activated chloride channel

Junhua Yang, Jianan Chen, Maria Del Carmen Vitery, James Osei-Owusu, Jiachen Chu, Haiyang Yu, Shuying Sun, Zhaozhu Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe local acidosis causes tissue damage and pain, and is one of the hallmarks of many diseases including ischemia, cancer, and inflammation. However, the molecular mechanisms of the cellular response to acid are not fully understood.We performed an unbiased RNA interference screen and identified PAC (TMEM206) as being essential for the widely observed proton-activated Cl-(PAC) currents (ICl,H). Overexpression of human PAC in PAC knockout cells generated ICl,H with the same characteristics as the endogenous ones. Zebrafish PAC encodes a PAC channel with distinct properties. Knockout of mouse Pac abolished ICl,H in neurons and attenuated brain damage after ischemic stroke. The wide expression of PAC suggests a broad role for this conserved Cl-channel family in physiological and pathological processes associated with acidic pH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-399
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6438
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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