Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a msyor cause of cancer death, and yet little is known about its molecular pathogenesis. We identified p53 mutations in 19 (70%) of 27 primary pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Most were missense point mutations, and the mutations were distributed primarily within the evolutionarily conserved domains. Transitions predominated over transversions, and many of the transitions were at CpG dinucleo-tides. Intragenic deletions accounted for 32% of mutations and were associated with decreased survival (P = 0.0016). A review of 1937 published p53 mutations revealed that the occurrence of small (1-2 base pairs) microdeletions varied among different types of human neoplasms and that pancreatic adenocarcinoma had one of the highest frequencies (13% of 47 mutations, P = 0.0036). Many small deletions occurred in iterations of single bases, but this did not ftilly account for their pattern of distribution, and there was evidence for the involvement of homocopolymer (poly-purine:polypyrimidine) tracts. This may represent a more widespread phenomenon, because microdeletions occur in similar sequence patterns in reports of somatic and germ line mutations among genes other than p53.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research