p38 MAP Kinase Mediates Nitric Oxide-induced Apoptosis of Neural Progenitor Cells

Aiwu Cheng, Sic L. Chan, Ollivier Milhavet, Shuqin Wang, Mark P. Mattson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neural progenitor cells (NPC) can proliferate, differentiate into neurons or glial cells, or undergo a form of programmed cell death called apoptosis. Although death of NPC occurs during development of the nervous system and in the adult, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here we show that nitric oxide (NO) can induce death of C17.2 NPC by a mechanism requiring activation of p38 MAP kinase, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and caspase-3. Nitric oxide causes release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, and Bcl-2 protects the neural progenitor cells against nitric oxide-induced death, consistent with a pivotal role for mitochondrial changes in controlling the cell death process. Inhibition of p38 MAP kinase by SB203580 abolished NO-induced cell death, cytochrome c release, and activation of caspase-3, indicating that p38 activation serves as an upstream mediator in the cell death process. The anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 protected NPC against nitric oxide-induced apoptosis and suppressed activation of p38 MAP kinase. The ability of nitric oxide to trigger death of NPC by a mechanism involving p38 MAP kinase suggests that this diffusible gas may regulate NPC fate in physiological and pathological settings in which NO is produced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43320-43327
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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