P-wave characteristics on routine preoperative electrocardiogram improve prediction of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation in cardiac surgery

Jim K. Wong, Robert L. Lobato, Andre Pinesett, Bryan G. Maxwell, Christina T. Mora-Mangano, Marco V. Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To test the hypothesis that including preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics with clinical variables significantly improves the new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation prediction model.

Design Retrospective analysis.

Setting Single-center university hospital.

Participants Five hundred twenty-six patients,≥18 years of age, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, aortic valve replacement, mitral valve replacement/repair, or a combination of valve surgery and coronary artery bypass grafting requiring cardiopulmonary bypass.

Interventions Retrospective review of medical records.

Measurements and Main Results Baseline characteristics and cardiopulmonary bypass times were collected. Digitally-measured timing and voltages from preoperative electrocardiograms were extracted. Postoperative atrial fibrillation was defined as atrial fibrillation requiring therapeutic intervention. Two hundred eight (39.5%) patients developed postoperative atrial fibrillation. Clinical predictors were age, ejection fraction<55%, history of atrial fibrillation, history of cerebral vascular event, and valvular surgery. Three ECG parameters associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation were observed: Premature atrial contraction, p-wave index, and p-frontal axis. Adding electrocardiogram variables to the prediction model with only clinical predictors significantly improved the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, from 0.71 to 0.78 (p<0.01). Overall net reclassification improvement was 0.059 (p = 0.09). Among those who developed postoperative atrial fibrillation, the net reclassification improvement was 0.063 (p = 0.03). Conclusion Several p-wave characteristics are independently associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation. Addition of these parameters improves the postoperative atrial fibrillation prediction model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1504
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • cardiac surgery
  • electrocardiogram
  • p-wave characteristics
  • postoperative atrial fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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