Oxygen requirement as a screening tool for the detection of late pulmonary hypertension in extremely low birth weight infants

Rohit Aswani, Lisa Hayman, Gina Nichols, Angel A. Luciano, Ernest K. Amankwah, Jennifer L. Leshko, Gul H. Dadlani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Many extremely low birth weight infants develop pulmonary hypertension late in their clinical course, and over 60% go undetected by early screening echocardiography. At present, no standardised screening protocol exists for detecting late pulmonary hypertension in extremely low birth weight infants. We assessed the utility of oxygen supplementation as a predictor of late pulmonary hypertension. Methods A retrospective single-centre review of extremely low birth weight infants with no evidence of CHD and those surviving for >30 days was performed. The association between oxygen ≥30% at day of life 30 and diagnosis of late pulmonary hypertension was estimated with an odds ratio and 95% confidence interval using logistic regression. Doppler echocardiography was used to diagnose pulmonary hypertension in the infants. Results A total of 230 infants met the study criteria. The incidence of late pulmonary hypertension was 8.3% (19/230). Infants with late pulmonary hypertension were more likely to have a lower mean birth weight (667.1±144 versus 799.3±140 g, p=0.001) and more likely to be small for gestational age (47.4 versus 14.2%, p=0.004). Oxygen requirement ≥30% at day of life 30 was associated with increased risk of late pulmonary hypertension (odds ratio=3.77, 95% confidence interval=1.42-10.00, p=0.008) in univariate analysis and after adjusting for birth weight (odds ratio=2.47, 95% confidence interval=0.89-6.84, p=0.08). Conclusions The need of oxygen supplementation ≥30% at day of life 30 may be a good screening tool for detecting late pulmonary hypertension in extremely low birth weight infants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-527
Number of pages7
JournalCardiology in the young
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • echocardiography
  • extremely low birth weight infants
  • oxygen requirement
  • screening test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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