Oxygen free radicals in the genesis of peritumoural brain oedema in experimental malignant brain tumours.

Y. Ikeda, D. M. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Disruption of blood brain barrier with increased vascular permeability is associated with genesis of peritumoural oedema. Oxygen free radicals play a role in increased vascular permeability. Recent studies have suggested that tumour cells can produce superoxide radicals and free radical scavengers such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in tumour cells are impaired. In this study, we investigated the role of oxygen free radicals in the genesis of peritumoural brain oedema in experimental malignant brain tumours using V x 2 carcinoma cells and 9L glioma cells. In vitro data indicate that the V x 2 carcinoma cell and the 9L glioma cells produce superoxide radicals detected by nitroblue tetrazolium. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy using DMPO as a spin trap demonstrated that SOD activity was significantly lower in subcutaneous larger 9L glioma tumours than in normal brains and 9L glioma brain tumours. In the subcutaneous tumours, SOD activity was lower in the central portion of the tumour than in the peripheral portion of the tumour. In conclusion, we are not sure whether oxygen free radicals are major causative factors of peritumoural brain oedema, but the demonstration of oxygen free radicals in brain tumour cells needs further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-144
Number of pages3
JournalActa Neurochirurgica, Supplement
Volume51
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Brain Edema
Brain Neoplasms
Free Radicals
Reactive Oxygen Species
Glioma
Superoxide Dismutase
Neoplasms
Capillary Permeability
Superoxides
Carcinoma
Nitroblue Tetrazolium
Free Radical Scavengers
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Blood-Brain Barrier
Catalase
Edema
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Oxygen free radicals in the genesis of peritumoural brain oedema in experimental malignant brain tumours. / Ikeda, Y.; Long, D. M.

In: Acta Neurochirurgica, Supplement, Vol. 51, 1990, p. 142-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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