The effect of selected inhibitors on the thrombin-stimulated burst and the basal oxygen consumption of washed human platelets were investigated and compared with inhibition of the release reaction. Cyanide (0.2 mM) caused complete inhibition of the basal respiration, but only 15% inhibition of the thrombin-stimulated burst of oxygen consumption. Similar differential inhibitory effects were observed with oligomycin, antimycin, rotenone and N-ethylmaleimide. Prostaglandin E1 (0.03 mM) and acetylsalicylic acid (0.8 mM) had little effect on basal respiration, but inhibited the thrombin-stimulated burst of oxygen consumption. N-Ethylmaleimide (0.4 mM) inhibited the release of calcium from platelets by 90%, while prostaglandin E1, acetylsalicylic acid and the above mitochondrial inhibitors caused no more than 30% inhibition of the release reaction. Our results provide evidence that basal respiration and a portion of the thrombin-stimulated burst of oxygen consumption are involved in respiratory chain phosphorylation, and that this component of the thrombin-stimulated burst may be coupled to the maintenance of the release reaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology