Oxidative stress in silicosis: Evidence for the enhanced clearance of free radicals from whole lungs

Val Vallyathan, Stephen Leonard, Periannan Kuppusamy, Donna Pack, Michael Chzhan, Sherry P. Sanders, Jay L. Zweir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We hypothesized that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be involved in the pathogenesis of silicosis. To investigate ROS' dependent pathophysiological processes during silicosis we studied the kinetic clearance of instilled stable nitroxide radicals (TEMPO). Antioxidant enzymes' superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and lipid peroxidation were also studied in whole lungs of rats exposed to crystalline silica (quartz) and sham exposed controls. Low frequency L-band electron spin resonance spectroscopy was used to measure the clearance of TEMPO in whole-rat lungs directly. The clearance of TEMPO followed first order kinetics showing significant differences in the rate for clearance between the diseased and sham exposed control lungs. Comparison of TEMPO clearance rates in the sham exposed controls and silicotic rats showed an oxidative stress in the rats exposed to quartz. Studies on the antioxidant enzymes SOD and GPx in the lungs of silicotic and sham exposed animals supported the oxidative stress and accelerated clearance of TEMPO by up regulated levels of enzymes in quartz exposed animals. Increased lipid peroxidation potential in the silicotics also supported a role for enhanced generation of ROS in the pathogenesis of silica-induced lung injury. These in vivo experiments directly demonstrate, for the first time, that silicotic lungs are in a state of oxidative stress and that increased generation of ROS is associated with enhanced levels of oxidative enzymes and lipid peroxidation. This technique offers great promise for the elucidation of ROS induced lung injury and development of therapeutic strategies for the prevention of damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume168
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Silicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Vallyathan, V., Leonard, S., Kuppusamy, P., Pack, D., Chzhan, M., Sanders, S. P., & Zweir, J. L. (1997). Oxidative stress in silicosis: Evidence for the enhanced clearance of free radicals from whole lungs. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 168(1-2), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006850920080