Oxcarbazepine monotherapy for partial-onset seizures: A multicenter, double-blind, clinical trial

Ahmad Beydoun, R. C. Sachdeo, W. E. Rosenfeld, G. L. Krauss, N. Sessler, P. Mesenbrink, L. Kramer, J. D'Souza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of oxcarbazepine (OXC) 2,400 mg/day versus OXC 300 mg/day monotherapy in patients with medically refractory partial epilepsy. Background: OXC is primarily metabolized by reductase enzymes and, consequently, has a low propensity to inhibit or induce oxidative enzymes and a minimal potential for drug-drug interactions. The efficacy of OXC as monotherapy was shown in several comparative trials in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy and in hospitalized patients undergoing evaluation for epilepsy surgery. Methods: A multicenter, double- blind, randomized, parallel-group trial design was chosen to assess the antiepileptic efficacy of OXC as monotherapy in a refractory epilepsy patient population. Outpatients aged 12 years or older with inadequately controlled partial seizures, with or without secondarily generalized seizures, were enrolled. Patients finished the trial by completing the double-blind phase or by meeting one of four predefined exit criteria: a twofold increase in partial seizure frequency in any 28-day period relative to baseline; a twofold increase in the highest consecutive 2-day partial seizure frequency relative to baseline; occurrence of a single generalized seizure if none occurred during the 6 months prior to randomization; or prolongation or worsening of generalized seizure duration or frequency requiring intervention. Adverse events (AEs), vital signs, and clinical laboratory tests were evaluated. Results: The percentage of patients meeting one of the exit criteria was significantly lower (p < 0.0001) for the OXC 2400 mg/day group (14/34; 41%) than the OXC 300 mg/day group (42/45; 93%). In addition, there was a significant difference in time to exit in favor of the OXC 2400 mg/day group (p = 0.0001). In the-intent-to-treat analysis, 12% of patients in the OXC 2400 mg/day group were seizure-free compared with none in the 300 mg/day group. OXC was well-tolerated, with dizziness, fatigue, somnolence, and nausea being the most frequent AEs. Most of these AEs were transient and rated as mild to moderate in intensity. Conclusion: OXC is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with partial epilepsy previously receiving treatment with other antiepileptic drugs. The results of this trial are consistent with previous monotherapy trials with OXC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2245-2251
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume54
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 27 2000

Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Epilepsy
  • Monotherapy
  • Oxcarbazepine
  • Partial seizures
  • Trileptal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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