Oxalate deposits in biopsies from native and transplanted kidneys, and impact on graft function

Serena M Bagnasco, Basim S. Mohammed, Haresh Mani, Maria Teresa Gandolfo, Mark Haas, Lorraine C Racusen, Robert A. Montgomery, Edward Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of oxalate eposits in native and renal allograft biopsies, and its impact on graft function. Methods. The renal biopsy files at The Johns Hopkins University between 2000 and 2006 were searched to identify biopsies with oxalate deposits, determine the density of oxalate deposits in renal graft biopsies, compare graft histology and function between allograft recipients with oxalate in the graft biopsies, and a control group of recipients without oxalate in the graft.Results. Oxalate crystal deposits were observed in 61 of 5160 biopsies of native kidneys, and in 76 of 1621 renal allograft biopsies, with a frequency of 1 and 4%, respec-tively. Sixty-three (9%) of 680 transplant recipients showed oxalate in graft biopsies obtained within the first year from transplantation, with 1.3 ± 1.2 average number of oxalate deposits per mm2 of biopsy tissue. The high oxalate density and decreased renal function were correlated in the first2 years post-transplant (P = 0.0370.05). Compared with a control group of 70 kidney graft recipients, the renal function was significantly lower in the oxalate group at 1 year,but not at 2 years post-transplant. High tubulo-interstitial scarring (P <0.0001) was noted in repeated biopsies in the oxalate group, and was significantly greater than that in the control group (P=0.027).No significant difference in graft loss was observed between oxalate and control groups, and although mortality was higher in the oxalate group, the difference was not significant. Conclusions. In summary, this study defines the frequency of oxalate deposition in native and allograft kidney biopsies, and suggests its possible negative impact on graft function beyond the early post-transplant period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1325
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

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Oxalates
Transplants
Kidney
Biopsy
Allografts
Control Groups
Cicatrix
Histology

Keywords

  • Allograft function
  • Kidney transplant
  • Oxalate
  • Rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Oxalate deposits in biopsies from native and transplanted kidneys, and impact on graft function. / Bagnasco, Serena M; Mohammed, Basim S.; Mani, Haresh; Gandolfo, Maria Teresa; Haas, Mark; Racusen, Lorraine C; Montgomery, Robert A.; Kraus, Edward.

In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol. 24, No. 4, 04.2009, p. 1319-1325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bagnasco, Serena M ; Mohammed, Basim S. ; Mani, Haresh ; Gandolfo, Maria Teresa ; Haas, Mark ; Racusen, Lorraine C ; Montgomery, Robert A. ; Kraus, Edward. / Oxalate deposits in biopsies from native and transplanted kidneys, and impact on graft function. In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2009 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 1319-1325.
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abstract = "Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of oxalate eposits in native and renal allograft biopsies, and its impact on graft function. Methods. The renal biopsy files at The Johns Hopkins University between 2000 and 2006 were searched to identify biopsies with oxalate deposits, determine the density of oxalate deposits in renal graft biopsies, compare graft histology and function between allograft recipients with oxalate in the graft biopsies, and a control group of recipients without oxalate in the graft.Results. Oxalate crystal deposits were observed in 61 of 5160 biopsies of native kidneys, and in 76 of 1621 renal allograft biopsies, with a frequency of 1 and 4{\%}, respec-tively. Sixty-three (9{\%}) of 680 transplant recipients showed oxalate in graft biopsies obtained within the first year from transplantation, with 1.3 ± 1.2 average number of oxalate deposits per mm2 of biopsy tissue. The high oxalate density and decreased renal function were correlated in the first2 years post-transplant (P = 0.0370.05). Compared with a control group of 70 kidney graft recipients, the renal function was significantly lower in the oxalate group at 1 year,but not at 2 years post-transplant. High tubulo-interstitial scarring (P <0.0001) was noted in repeated biopsies in the oxalate group, and was significantly greater than that in the control group (P=0.027).No significant difference in graft loss was observed between oxalate and control groups, and although mortality was higher in the oxalate group, the difference was not significant. Conclusions. In summary, this study defines the frequency of oxalate deposition in native and allograft kidney biopsies, and suggests its possible negative impact on graft function beyond the early post-transplant period.",
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T1 - Oxalate deposits in biopsies from native and transplanted kidneys, and impact on graft function

AU - Bagnasco, Serena M

AU - Mohammed, Basim S.

AU - Mani, Haresh

AU - Gandolfo, Maria Teresa

AU - Haas, Mark

AU - Racusen, Lorraine C

AU - Montgomery, Robert A.

AU - Kraus, Edward

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N2 - Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of oxalate eposits in native and renal allograft biopsies, and its impact on graft function. Methods. The renal biopsy files at The Johns Hopkins University between 2000 and 2006 were searched to identify biopsies with oxalate deposits, determine the density of oxalate deposits in renal graft biopsies, compare graft histology and function between allograft recipients with oxalate in the graft biopsies, and a control group of recipients without oxalate in the graft.Results. Oxalate crystal deposits were observed in 61 of 5160 biopsies of native kidneys, and in 76 of 1621 renal allograft biopsies, with a frequency of 1 and 4%, respec-tively. Sixty-three (9%) of 680 transplant recipients showed oxalate in graft biopsies obtained within the first year from transplantation, with 1.3 ± 1.2 average number of oxalate deposits per mm2 of biopsy tissue. The high oxalate density and decreased renal function were correlated in the first2 years post-transplant (P = 0.0370.05). Compared with a control group of 70 kidney graft recipients, the renal function was significantly lower in the oxalate group at 1 year,but not at 2 years post-transplant. High tubulo-interstitial scarring (P <0.0001) was noted in repeated biopsies in the oxalate group, and was significantly greater than that in the control group (P=0.027).No significant difference in graft loss was observed between oxalate and control groups, and although mortality was higher in the oxalate group, the difference was not significant. Conclusions. In summary, this study defines the frequency of oxalate deposition in native and allograft kidney biopsies, and suggests its possible negative impact on graft function beyond the early post-transplant period.

AB - Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of oxalate eposits in native and renal allograft biopsies, and its impact on graft function. Methods. The renal biopsy files at The Johns Hopkins University between 2000 and 2006 were searched to identify biopsies with oxalate deposits, determine the density of oxalate deposits in renal graft biopsies, compare graft histology and function between allograft recipients with oxalate in the graft biopsies, and a control group of recipients without oxalate in the graft.Results. Oxalate crystal deposits were observed in 61 of 5160 biopsies of native kidneys, and in 76 of 1621 renal allograft biopsies, with a frequency of 1 and 4%, respec-tively. Sixty-three (9%) of 680 transplant recipients showed oxalate in graft biopsies obtained within the first year from transplantation, with 1.3 ± 1.2 average number of oxalate deposits per mm2 of biopsy tissue. The high oxalate density and decreased renal function were correlated in the first2 years post-transplant (P = 0.0370.05). Compared with a control group of 70 kidney graft recipients, the renal function was significantly lower in the oxalate group at 1 year,but not at 2 years post-transplant. High tubulo-interstitial scarring (P <0.0001) was noted in repeated biopsies in the oxalate group, and was significantly greater than that in the control group (P=0.027).No significant difference in graft loss was observed between oxalate and control groups, and although mortality was higher in the oxalate group, the difference was not significant. Conclusions. In summary, this study defines the frequency of oxalate deposition in native and allograft kidney biopsies, and suggests its possible negative impact on graft function beyond the early post-transplant period.

KW - Allograft function

KW - Kidney transplant

KW - Oxalate

KW - Rejection

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