Overview of ataxias in children

Andrea Poretti, Eugen Boltshauser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In children, ataxia may be caused by a wide number of hereditary or acquired diseases. The prevalence varies signifi cantly in causes between pediatric and adult ataxia. Pediatric ataxia may be classifi ed as acute, progressive, nonprogressive, intermittent, and episodic. Cerebellar dysfunction is the leading cause of pediatric ataxia, while sensory (afferent) and vestibular ataxias are less common in children. A careful history and neurological examination are essential in classifying pediatric ataxia based on the course of symptoms and involved systems and narrowing the differential diagnosis. Neuroimaging plays a key role in the further work-up of pediatric ataxia and may be diagnostic or allow planning targeted further investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssentials of Cerebellum and Cerebellar Disorders: A Primer for Graduate Students
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages531-538
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783319245515
ISBN (Print)9783319245492
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acute
  • Ataxia
  • Cerebellum
  • Children
  • Non-progressive
  • Progressive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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