Overlapping neurobehavioral circuits in ADHD, obesity, and binge eating: Evidence from neuroimaging research

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conditions involving excessive eating (eg, obesity, binge/loss of control eating) are increasingly prevalent within pediatric populations, and correlational and some longitudinal studies have suggested inter-relationships between these disorders. In addition, a number of common neural correlates are emerging across conditions, eg, functional abnormalities within circuits subserving reward processing and executive functioning. To explore this potential cross-condition overlap in neurobehavioral underpinnings, we selectively review relevant functional neuroimaging literature, specifically focusing on studies probing (i) reward processing, (ii) response inhibition, and (iii) emotional processing and regulation, and we outline 3 specific shared neurobehavioral circuits. Based on our review, we also identify gaps within the literature that would benefit from further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
JournalCNS spectrums
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • comorbidity
  • fMRI
  • obesity
  • overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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