Overexpression of Exportin-5 Overrides the Inhibitory Effect of miRNAs Regulation Control and Stabilize Proteins via Posttranslation Modifications in Prostate Cancer

Naseruddin Höti, Shuang Yang, Paul Aiyetan, Binod Kumar, Yingwei Hu, David Clark, Arife Unal Eroglu, Punit Shah, Tamara Johnson, Wasim H. Chowdery, Hui Zhang, Ronald Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although XPO5 has been characterized to have tumor-suppressor features in the miRNA biogenesis pathway, the impact of altered expression of XPO5 in cancers is unexplored. Here we report a novel “oncogenic” role of XPO5 in advanced prostate cancer. Using prostate cancer models, we found that excess levels of XPO5 override the inhibitory effect of the canoncial miRNA-mRNA regulation, resulting in a global increase in proteins expression. Importantly, we found that decreased expression of XPO5 could promote an increase in proteasome degradation, whereas overexpression of XPO5 leads to altered protein posttranslational modification via hyperglycosylation, resulting in cellular protein stability. We evaluated the therapeutic advantage of targeting XPO5 in prostate cancer and found that knocking down XPO5 in prostate cancer cells suppressed cellular proliferation and tumor development without significantly impacting normal fibroblast cells survival. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the oncogenic role of XPO5 in overriding the miRNAs regulation control. Furthermore, we believe that these findings will provide an explanation as to why, in some cancers that express higher abundance of mature miRNAs, fail to suppress their potential protein targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-829
Number of pages13
JournalNeoplasia (United States)
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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