Overexpression of Atg5 in mice activates autophagy and extends lifespan

Jong Ok Pyo, Seung Min Yoo, Hye Hyun Ahn, Jihoon Nah, Se Hoon Hong, Tae-In Kam, Sunmin Jung, Yong Keun Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autophagy has been implicated in the ageing process, but whether autophagy activation extends lifespan in mammals is unknown. Here we show that ubiquitous overexpression of Atg5, a protein essential for autophagosome formation, extends median lifespan of mice by 17.2%. We demonstrate that moderate overexpression of Atg5 in mice enhances autophagy, and that Atg5 transgenic mice showed anti-ageing phenotypes, including leanness, increased insulin sensitivity and improved motor function. Furthermore, mouse embryonic fibroblasts cultured from Atg5 transgenic mice are more tolerant to oxidative damage and cell death induced by oxidative stress, and this tolerance was reversible by treatment with an autophagy inhibitor. Our observations suggest that the leanness and lifespan extension in Atg5 transgenic mice may be the result of increased autophagic activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2300
JournalNature communications
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Autophagy
mice
Aging of materials
Transgenic Mice
Mammals
Oxidative stress
Thinness
Cell death
Fibroblasts
Chemical activation
Insulin
Insulin Resistance
insulin
mammals
Proteins
phenotype
Oxidative Stress
Cell Death
fibroblasts
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Pyo, J. O., Yoo, S. M., Ahn, H. H., Nah, J., Hong, S. H., Kam, T-I., ... Jung, Y. K. (2013). Overexpression of Atg5 in mice activates autophagy and extends lifespan. Nature communications, 4, [2300]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3300

Overexpression of Atg5 in mice activates autophagy and extends lifespan. / Pyo, Jong Ok; Yoo, Seung Min; Ahn, Hye Hyun; Nah, Jihoon; Hong, Se Hoon; Kam, Tae-In; Jung, Sunmin; Jung, Yong Keun.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 4, 2300, 02.09.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pyo, Jong Ok ; Yoo, Seung Min ; Ahn, Hye Hyun ; Nah, Jihoon ; Hong, Se Hoon ; Kam, Tae-In ; Jung, Sunmin ; Jung, Yong Keun. / Overexpression of Atg5 in mice activates autophagy and extends lifespan. In: Nature communications. 2013 ; Vol. 4.
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