Overall survival and tumor recurrence after surgical resection for primary malignant chest wall tumors: a single-center, single-surgeon experience

Aalap C. Shah, Kazimierz W. Komperda, Arun A. Mavanur, Steven W. Thorpe, Kurt R. Weiss, Mark A. Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives: Malignant primary chest wall tumors (PCWTs) comprise a rare group of thoracic tumors with unique anatomical considerations, and experience with wide surgical resection is limited to specialty referral centers and specific diagnoses. We investigated the tumor recurrence and overall survival (OS) for patients with a variety of PCWTs diagnoses at our institution. Methods: From 1991 to 2010, patients with malignant PCWT undergoing wide surgical resection for curative intent under a single surgeon were reviewed. Diagnosis and grade (if applicable) of surgical pathology, along with patient demographics, neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and outcomes (complications, recurrence, and OS) at follow-up were analyzed. Results: One hundred fifteen patients were included in the study. The most common tumor diagnoses included pleomorphic sarcoma and liposarcoma. Negative margins were achieved in 70 (74%) of cases. Postoperative complications were reported in 21 (20%) cases. The 5-year survival rate was 54%, while the 10-year survival rate was 29%. The local and distant recurrence rates were 50% and 38%, respectively. OS was significantly less in patients with any recurrence (p < 0.001) but not significantly different between pathology grades (p = 0.28). Conclusions: Wide resection for malignant PCWT is feasible when undertaken for a heterogenous group of diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chest wall tumors
  • overall survival
  • postoperative outcomes
  • tumor recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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