Ovarian malignancy risk stratification of the adnexal mass using a multivariate index assay

Robert E. Bristow, Alan Smith, Zhen Zhang, Daniel W. Chan, Gillian Crutcher, Eric T. Fung, Donald G. Munroe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To validate the effectiveness of a multivariate index assay in identifying ovarian malignancy compared to clinical assessment and CA125-II, among women undergoing surgery for an adnexal mass after enrollment by non-gynecologic oncology providers. Methods A prospective, multi-institutional trial enrolled female patients scheduled to undergo surgery for an adnexal mass from 27 non-gynecologic oncology practices. Pre-operative serum samples and physician assessment of ovarian cancer risk were correlated with final surgical pathology. Results A total of 494 subjects were evaluable for multivariate index assay, CA125-II, and clinical impression. Overall, 92 patients (18.6%) had a pelvic malignancy. Primary ovarian cancer was diagnosed in 65 patients (13.2%), with 43.1% having FIGO stage I disease. For all ovarian malignancies, the sensitivity of the multivariate index assay was 95.7% (95%CI = 89.3-98.3) when combined with clinical impression. The multivariate index assay correctly predicted ovarian malignancy in 91.4% (95%CI = 77.6-97.0) of cases of early-stage disease, compared to 65.7% (95%CI = 49.2-79.2) for CA125-II. The multivariate index assay correctly identified 83.3% malignancies missed by clinical impression and 70.8% cases missed by CA125-II. Multivariate index assay was superior in predicting the absence of an ovarian malignancy, with a negative predictive value of 98.1% (95%CI = 95.2-99.2). Both clinical impression and CA125-II were more accurate at identifying benign disease. The multivariate index assay correctly predicted benign pathology in 204 patients (50.7%, 95%CI = 45.9-55.6) when combined with clinical impression. Conclusion The multivariate index assay demonstrated higher sensitivity and negative predictive value for ovarian malignancy compared to clinical impression and CA125-II in an intended-use population of non-gynecologic oncology practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Keywords

  • Ovarian malignancy
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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