Outcomes of Aortic Valve-Sparing Operations in Marfan Syndrome

Tirone E. David, Carolyn M. David, Cedric Manlhiot, Jack Colman, Andrew M. Crean, Timothy Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background In many cardiac units, aortic valve-sparing operations have become the preferred surgical procedure to treat aortic root aneurysm in patients with Marfan syndrome, based on relatively short-term outcomes. Objectives This study examined the long-term outcomes of aortic valve-sparing operations in patients with Marfan syndrome. Methods All patients with Marfan syndrome operated on for aortic root aneurysm from 1988 through 2012 were followed prospectively for a median of 10 years. Follow-up was 100% complete. Time-to-event analyses were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test for comparisons. Results A total of 146 patients with Marfan syndrome had aortic valve-sparing operations. Reimplantation of the aortic valve was performed in 121 and remodeling of the aortic root was performed in 25 patients. Mean age was 35.7 ± 11.4 years and two-thirds were men. Nine patients had acute, 2 had chronic type A, and 3 had chronic type B aortic dissections before surgery. There were 1 operative and 6 late deaths, 5 caused by complications of dissections. Mortality rate at 15 years was 6.8 ± 2.9%, higher than the general population matched for age and sex. Five patients required reoperation on the aortic valve: 2 for endocarditis and 3 for aortic insufficiency. Three patients developed severe, 4 moderate, and 3 mild-to-moderate aortic insufficiency. Rate of aortic insufficiency at 15 years was 7.9 ± 3.3%, lower after reimplantation than remodeling. Nine patients developed new distal aortic dissections during follow-up. Rate of dissection at 15 years was 16.5 ± 3.4%. Conclusions Aortic valve-sparing operations in patients with Marfan syndrome were associated with low rates of valve-related complications in long-term follow-up. Residual and new aortic dissections were the leading cause of death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1445-1453
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume66
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 29 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aortic dissection
  • aortic insufficiency
  • aortic root aneurysm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of Aortic Valve-Sparing Operations in Marfan Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this