Outcomes After Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Report From the Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registries

American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines – Resuscitation Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine cardiac arrest- and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: We performed an analysis of merged data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registries. SETTING: A total of 32 hospitals reporting to both registries between 2000 and 2014. PATIENTS: Children younger than 18 years old who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest and underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 593 children included in the final cohort, 240 (40.5%) died prior to decannulation from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and 352 (59.4%) died prior to hospital discharge. A noncardiac diagnosis and preexisting renal insufficiency were associated with increased odds of death (adjusted odds ratio, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.19-2.89] and 4.74 [95% CI, 2.06-10.9], respectively). The median time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was 48 minutes (interquartile range, 28-70 min). Longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was associated with higher odds of death prior to hospital discharge (adjusted odds ratio for each 5 additional minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, 1.04 [95% CI, 1.01-1.07]). Each individual adverse event documented during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course, including neurologic, pulmonary, renal, metabolic, cardiovascular and hemorrhagic, was associated with higher odds of death, with higher odds as the cumulative number of documented adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course increased. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation reported by linking two national registries are encouraging. Noncardiac diagnoses, preexisting renal insufficiency, longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, and adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course are associated with worse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e278-e285
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Pediatric Hospitals
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Heart Arrest
Resuscitation
Registries
Guidelines
Renal Insufficiency
Odds Ratio
Nervous System
Kidney
Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Outcomes After Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest : A Report From the Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registries. / American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines – Resuscitation Investigators.

In: Critical care medicine, Vol. 47, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. e278-e285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Outcomes After Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Report From the Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registries",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine cardiac arrest- and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: We performed an analysis of merged data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registries. SETTING: A total of 32 hospitals reporting to both registries between 2000 and 2014. PATIENTS: Children younger than 18 years old who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest and underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 593 children included in the final cohort, 240 (40.5{\%}) died prior to decannulation from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and 352 (59.4{\%}) died prior to hospital discharge. A noncardiac diagnosis and preexisting renal insufficiency were associated with increased odds of death (adjusted odds ratio, 1.85 [95{\%} CI, 1.19-2.89] and 4.74 [95{\%} CI, 2.06-10.9], respectively). The median time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was 48 minutes (interquartile range, 28-70 min). Longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was associated with higher odds of death prior to hospital discharge (adjusted odds ratio for each 5 additional minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, 1.04 [95{\%} CI, 1.01-1.07]). Each individual adverse event documented during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course, including neurologic, pulmonary, renal, metabolic, cardiovascular and hemorrhagic, was associated with higher odds of death, with higher odds as the cumulative number of documented adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course increased. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation reported by linking two national registries are encouraging. Noncardiac diagnoses, preexisting renal insufficiency, longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, and adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course are associated with worse outcomes.",
author = "{American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines – Resuscitation Investigators} and Melania Bembea and Derek Ng and Nicole Rizkalla and Peter Rycus and Lasa, {Javier J.} and Heidi Dalton and Topjian, {Alexis A.} and Thiagarajan, {Ravi R.} and Nadkarni, {Vinay M.} and Elizabeth Hunt",
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T2 - A Report From the Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registries

AU - American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines – Resuscitation Investigators

AU - Bembea, Melania

AU - Ng, Derek

AU - Rizkalla, Nicole

AU - Rycus, Peter

AU - Lasa, Javier J.

AU - Dalton, Heidi

AU - Topjian, Alexis A.

AU - Thiagarajan, Ravi R.

AU - Nadkarni, Vinay M.

AU - Hunt, Elizabeth

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine cardiac arrest- and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: We performed an analysis of merged data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registries. SETTING: A total of 32 hospitals reporting to both registries between 2000 and 2014. PATIENTS: Children younger than 18 years old who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest and underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 593 children included in the final cohort, 240 (40.5%) died prior to decannulation from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and 352 (59.4%) died prior to hospital discharge. A noncardiac diagnosis and preexisting renal insufficiency were associated with increased odds of death (adjusted odds ratio, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.19-2.89] and 4.74 [95% CI, 2.06-10.9], respectively). The median time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was 48 minutes (interquartile range, 28-70 min). Longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was associated with higher odds of death prior to hospital discharge (adjusted odds ratio for each 5 additional minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, 1.04 [95% CI, 1.01-1.07]). Each individual adverse event documented during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course, including neurologic, pulmonary, renal, metabolic, cardiovascular and hemorrhagic, was associated with higher odds of death, with higher odds as the cumulative number of documented adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course increased. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation reported by linking two national registries are encouraging. Noncardiac diagnoses, preexisting renal insufficiency, longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, and adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course are associated with worse outcomes.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine cardiac arrest- and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: We performed an analysis of merged data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registries. SETTING: A total of 32 hospitals reporting to both registries between 2000 and 2014. PATIENTS: Children younger than 18 years old who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest and underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 593 children included in the final cohort, 240 (40.5%) died prior to decannulation from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and 352 (59.4%) died prior to hospital discharge. A noncardiac diagnosis and preexisting renal insufficiency were associated with increased odds of death (adjusted odds ratio, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.19-2.89] and 4.74 [95% CI, 2.06-10.9], respectively). The median time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was 48 minutes (interquartile range, 28-70 min). Longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation was associated with higher odds of death prior to hospital discharge (adjusted odds ratio for each 5 additional minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, 1.04 [95% CI, 1.01-1.07]). Each individual adverse event documented during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course, including neurologic, pulmonary, renal, metabolic, cardiovascular and hemorrhagic, was associated with higher odds of death, with higher odds as the cumulative number of documented adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course increased. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation reported by linking two national registries are encouraging. Noncardiac diagnoses, preexisting renal insufficiency, longer time from onset of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation event to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation, and adverse events during the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation course are associated with worse outcomes.

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