The results in 33 patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) treated by endocardial resection were reviewed, with special emphasis on the presence of single or multiple morphologies preoperatively and intraoperatively. Multiple VT morphologies were induced in 16 patients and a single VT morphology was induced in the remaining 17. Intraoperative programmed stimulation failed to induce VT in eight patients and visually-directed endocardial resection was performed. The remaining patients underwent map-guided resection. The surgical success rate did not correlate with any morphologic characteristics of the VT, such as bundle branch block pattern or axis. In addition, concordance of VT morphologies preoperatively and intraoperatively before resection did not correlate with the surgical success rate. However, patients in whom multiple morphologies of VT were induced intraoperatively had a significantly higher success rate (100%) compared with those patients in whom only a single morphology was induced intraoperatively (50%, p < 0.05). Long-term follow-up was maintained in 26 patients. Ventricular tachycardia recurred in two patients and VF recurred in two others who did not have inducible VT 1 week after endocardial resection. In conclusion, neither the preoperative morphologic characteristics of VT nor discordance between the morphologies of VT induced preoperatively and in the operating room influenced the outcome of endocardial resection. However, the surgical success rate is higher when multiple morphologies of VT are inducible in the operating room than when only one VT morphology is inducible.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine