Outbreaks of hepatitis A in US communities, 2017-2018: Firsthand experiences and operational lessons from public health responses

Michael Snyder, Meghan D. McGinty, Matthew P Shearer, Diane Meyer, Christopher Hurtado, Jennifer Nuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objectives. To identify and analyze common challenges from multiple US communities affected by the hepatitis A epidemic beginning in March 2017, and to identify operational lessons to support preparedness for similar future public health emergencies. Methods. We conducted semistructured interviews with health officials from 9 city or county health departments to collect the firsthand experience of public health responders. We collected data from January to October 2018 via teleconference. Key informants, whom we purposefully sampled, were senior public health officials who were directly involved in outbreak response or in preparing for potential hepatitis A outbreaks in their communities. Results. Several themes emerged during these discussions, including common challenges and solutions pertaining to sanitation and hygiene infrastructure, hepatitis A vaccination, health workforce availability and surge capacity, communication and stigma, and partnerships and coordination with local law enforcement and other stakeholders. Conclusions. By generating key, evidence-based operational lessons, this study can inform response activities in localities currently experiencing outbreaks as well as community preparedness for possible future outbreaks due to the presence of similar at-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S297-S302
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Hepatitis A
Disease Outbreaks
Public Health
Surge Capacity
Health Manpower
Telecommunications
Law Enforcement
Sanitation
Health
Hygiene
Vaccination
Emergencies
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Outbreaks of hepatitis A in US communities, 2017-2018: Firsthand experiences and operational lessons from public health responses",
abstract = "Objectives. To identify and analyze common challenges from multiple US communities affected by the hepatitis A epidemic beginning in March 2017, and to identify operational lessons to support preparedness for similar future public health emergencies. Methods. We conducted semistructured interviews with health officials from 9 city or county health departments to collect the firsthand experience of public health responders. We collected data from January to October 2018 via teleconference. Key informants, whom we purposefully sampled, were senior public health officials who were directly involved in outbreak response or in preparing for potential hepatitis A outbreaks in their communities. Results. Several themes emerged during these discussions, including common challenges and solutions pertaining to sanitation and hygiene infrastructure, hepatitis A vaccination, health workforce availability and surge capacity, communication and stigma, and partnerships and coordination with local law enforcement and other stakeholders. Conclusions. By generating key, evidence-based operational lessons, this study can inform response activities in localities currently experiencing outbreaks as well as community preparedness for possible future outbreaks due to the presence of similar at-risk populations.",
author = "Michael Snyder and McGinty, {Meghan D.} and Shearer, {Matthew P} and Diane Meyer and Christopher Hurtado and Jennifer Nuzzo",
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AU - Meyer, Diane

AU - Hurtado, Christopher

AU - Nuzzo, Jennifer

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N2 - Objectives. To identify and analyze common challenges from multiple US communities affected by the hepatitis A epidemic beginning in March 2017, and to identify operational lessons to support preparedness for similar future public health emergencies. Methods. We conducted semistructured interviews with health officials from 9 city or county health departments to collect the firsthand experience of public health responders. We collected data from January to October 2018 via teleconference. Key informants, whom we purposefully sampled, were senior public health officials who were directly involved in outbreak response or in preparing for potential hepatitis A outbreaks in their communities. Results. Several themes emerged during these discussions, including common challenges and solutions pertaining to sanitation and hygiene infrastructure, hepatitis A vaccination, health workforce availability and surge capacity, communication and stigma, and partnerships and coordination with local law enforcement and other stakeholders. Conclusions. By generating key, evidence-based operational lessons, this study can inform response activities in localities currently experiencing outbreaks as well as community preparedness for possible future outbreaks due to the presence of similar at-risk populations.

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