Outbreak of hepatitis C virus infections at an outpatient hemodialysis facility: the importance of infection control competencies.

Agam K. Rao, Emily Luckman, Matthew E. Wise, Taranisia MacCannell, David Blythe, Yulin Lin, Guoliang Xia, Jan Drobeniuc, Judith Noble-Wang, Matthew J. Arduino, Nicola D. Thompson, Priti R. Patel, Lucy E. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the United States, the prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among patients treated in hemodialysis facilities is five times higher than among the general population. This study investigated eight new hepatitis C virus infections among patients treated at an outpatient hemodialysis facility. Epidemiologic investigation and viral sequencing demonstrated that transmission likely occurred between patients typically treated during the same or consecutive shifts at the same or a nearby station. Several infection control breaches were observed including lapses involving the preparation, handling, and administration of parenteral medications. Improved infection control education and training for all hemodialysis facility staff is an important component of assuring adherence to appropriate procedures and preventing future outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNephrology nursing journal : journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Volume40
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Nephrology

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    Rao, A. K., Luckman, E., Wise, M. E., MacCannell, T., Blythe, D., Lin, Y., Xia, G., Drobeniuc, J., Noble-Wang, J., Arduino, M. J., Thompson, N. D., Patel, P. R., & Wilson, L. E. (2013). Outbreak of hepatitis C virus infections at an outpatient hemodialysis facility: the importance of infection control competencies. Nephrology nursing journal : journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association, 40(2).