Out-of-school care and youth problem behaviors in low-income, Urban Areas

Kathleen M. Roche, Nan Marie Astone, David Bishai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using data from Welfare, Children and Families: A 3-City Study, this study explores how change and stability in out-of-school care are associated with changes in problem behaviors among youth from Time 1 (i.e., at ages 10-11) to Time 2 (an average of 16 months later). Girls in at-home, family care or an organized activity at Time 1 and in informal, out-of-home care or self-care at Time 2 experienced greater increases in problem behaviors than girls remaining in at-home family care or an organized activity. Other changes in care were related to youth outcomes differently depending upon maternal psychological distress. Policies must provide a full range of support services related to childcare and mental health care for low-income families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-488
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • Low-income families
  • Out-of-school care
  • Problem behaviors
  • Transition into adolescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Economics and Econometrics


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