O6-benzylguanine potentiates the antitumor effect of locally delivered carmustine against an intracranial rat glioma

Laurence D. Rhines, Prakash Sampath, M. Eileen Dolan, Betty M. Tyler, Henry Brem, Jon Weingart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Local delivery of carmustine (BCNU) via biodegradable polymers prolongs survival against experimental brain tumors and in human clinical trials. O6-Benzylguanine (O6-BG), a potent inhibitor of the DNA repair protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), has been shown to reduce nitrosourea resistance and, thus, enhance the efficacy of systemic BCNU therapy in a variety of tumor models. In this report, we demonstrate that O6-BG can potentiate the activity of BCNU delivered intracranially via polymers in rats challenged with a lethal brain tumor. Fischer 344 rats received a lethal intracranial challenge of 100,000 F98 glioma cells (F98 cells have significant AGT activity, 328 fmol/mg protein). Five days later, animals receiving an i.p. injection of O6-BG (50 mg/kg) 2 h prior to BCNU polymer (3.8% BCNU by weight) implantation had significantly improved survival (n = 7; median survival, 34 days) over animals receiving either O6-BG alone (n = 7; median survival, 22 days; P = 0.0002) or BCNU polymer alone (n = 8; median survival, 25 days; P = 0.0001). Median survival for the control group (n = 8) was 23.5 days. Moreover, there was no physical, behavioral, or pathological evidence of treatment-related toxicity. These findings suggest that O6-BG can potentiate the effects of interstitially delivered BCNU and, for tumors expressing significant AGT, may be necessary for the BCNU to provide a meaningful therapeutic benefit. Given the clinical use of BCNU polymers against malignant gliomas, concurrent treatment with O6-BG may provide an important addition to our therapeutic armamentarium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6307-6310
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Volume60
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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