Osteoporotic bone augmentation utilizing curved pattern of PMMA injection: A combined finite element and optimization investigation

Amirhossein Farvardin, Mehran Armand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A potential effective treatment for prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures is augmentation of the mechanical properties of the femur by injecting it with Polymethyl-Methacrylate (PMMA). We have previously developed a preoperative planning workstation to optimize the pattern of cement injection. In this planning paradigm, injections occur on a straight line limiting the overall match between the optimal and injected volumes of the cement. In addition, new advancements in drilling techniques has made it possible to plan and drill the bone based on a curved trajectory. In this study, we introduced a methodology to find the optimal drill path for PMMA injection. With the aid of Finite Element (FE) and hydrodynamic simulations, the effectiveness of the proposed approach was evaluated. Results showed that with an average injection of 7.2 ml, the proposed method can increase the yield load of the femur by 69%. Future works involve experimental validation of this method in cadaveric studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859407
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventASME 2019 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2019 - Salt Lake City, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2019Nov 14 2019

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume3

Conference

ConferenceASME 2019 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City
Period11/11/1911/14/19

Keywords

  • Bone augmentation
  • Curved drilling
  • Femoroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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