Osteonecrosis in sickle cell disease

Zan A. Naseer, Malick Bachabi, Lynne C Jones, Robert Steven Sterling, Harpal S Khanuja

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Osteonecrosis is one of the most devastating musculoskeletal manifestations of sickle cell disease and most commonly affects the femoral head. Although the exact pathophysiology of this condition in patients with sickle cell disease is unknown, it is suggested that red cell sickling and repetitive vaso-occlusion may be associated with tissue hypoxia, inflammation, and subsequent bone necrosis and collapse. If left untreated, osteonecrosis can be extremely debilitating and may lead to severe pain, loss of function, and degenerative joint changes. Although several conservative management approaches exist, total joint arthroplasty remains the most effective treatment intervention. A multidisciplinary approach among the primary care physician, hematologist, and orthopedic surgeon is essential in optimizing patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Volume109
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Key Words avascular necrosis
  • orthopedic manifestations
  • osteonecrosis
  • sickle cell disease
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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