Osteogenic changes in kidneys of hyperoxaluric rats

Sunil Joshi, William L. Clapp, Wei Wang, Saeed R. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many calcium oxalate (CaOx) kidney stones develop attached to renal papillary sub-epithelial deposits of calcium phosphate (CaP), called Randall's plaque (RP). Pathogenesis of the plaques is not fully understood. We hypothesize that abnormal urinary environment in stone forming kidneys leads to epithelial cells losing their identity and becoming osteogenic. To test our hypothesis male rats were made hyperoxaluric by administration of hydroxy-. l-proline (HLP). After 28. days, rat kidneys were extracted. We performed genome wide analyses of differentially expressed genes and determined changes consistent with dedifferentiation of epithelial cells into osteogenic phenotype. Selected molecules were further analyzed using quantitative-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Genes for runt related transcription factors (RUNX1 and 2), zinc finger protein Osterix, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP2 and 7), bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR2), collagen, osteocalcin, osteonectin, osteopontin (OPN), matrix-gla-protein (MGP), osteoprotegrin (OPG), cadherins, fibronectin (FN) and vimentin (VIM) were upregulated while those for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and cytokeratins 10 and 18 were downregulated. In conclusion, epithelial cells of hyperoxaluric kidneys acquire a number of osteoblastic features but without CaP deposition, perhaps a result of downregulation of ALP and upregulation of OPN and MGP. Plaque formation may additionally require localized increases in calcium and phosphate and decrease in mineralization inhibitory potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2000-2012
Number of pages13
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1852
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone morphogenetic protein
  • Hyperoxaluria
  • Matrix-gla-protein
  • Randall's plaque
  • Runt related transcription factor
  • Vimentin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

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