Osteogenesis imperfecta

Jay R. Shapiro, Paul D. Sponseller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter reviews all the factors associated with the Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) disorder. It is an inherited systemic disorder of connective tissue mainly expressed as "bone fragility," resulting in fractures and skeletal deformity. It is classified into seven different clinical types differing in properties namely: (1) Type I OI, (2) Type II OI, (3) Type III OI, (4) Type IV OI, (5) Type V OI, (6) Type VI OI, and (7) Type VII OI. The clinical features, pathogenesis and differential diagnosis of OI in the newborn, children, and adults are described. Apart from the bone, there are involvements of other organs in OI: ocular involvement, hearing loss, cardiopulmonary involvement, neurologic involvement, hypercalciuria and renal calculi, and hyperplastic callus. The diagnostic procedures includes the bone biopsy, skin biopsy performed to determine fibroblast Type I collagen synthesis, and DNA analysis of collagen Type I Pro-1 and Pro-2 genes. The genetics, medical treatment and orthopedic treatments of Osteogenesis Imperfecta are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Bone and Mineral Manual
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages45-51
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780120885695
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Osteogenesis imperfecta'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this