Oscillations of membrane current and excitability driven by metabolic oscillations in heart cells

Brian O'Rourke, Brian M. Ramza, Eduardo Marban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Periodic changes in membrane ionic current linked to intrinsic oscillations of energy metabolism were identified in guinea pig cardiomyocytes. Metabolic stress initiated cyclical activation of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium current and concomitant suppression of depolarization-evoked intracellular calcium transients. The oscillations in membrane current and excitation-contraction coupling were linked to oscillations in the oxidation state of pyridine nucleotides but were not driven by pacemaker currents or alterations in the concentration of cytosolic calcium. Interventions that altered the rate of glucose metabolism modulated the oscillations, suggesting that the rhythms originated at the level of glycolysis. The energy-driven oscillations in potassium currents produced cyclical changes in the cardiac action potential and thus may contribute to the genesis of arrhythmias during metabolic compromise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-966
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume265
Issue number5174
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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