OS-9 interacts with hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and prolyl hydroxylases to promote oxygen-dependent degradation of HIF-1α

Jin Hyen Baek, Patrick C. Mahon, Jane Oh, Brian Kelly, Balaji Krishnamachary, Mia Pearson, Denise A. Chan, Amato J. Giaccia, Gregg L. Semenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) functions as a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis in metazoan species. HIF-1 mediates changes in gene transcription in response to changes in cellular oxygenation. The half-life of the HIF-1α subunit is determined by oxygen-dependent prolyl hydroxylation, which is required for binding of the von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL), the recognition component of an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets HIF-1α for ubiquitination and degradation. Here, we demonstrate that OS-9, the protein product of a widely expressed gene, interacts with both HIF-1α and HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylases. OS-9 gain-of-function promotes HIF-1α hydroxylation, VHL binding, proteasomal degradation of HIF-1α, and inhibition of HIF-1-mediated transcription. OS-9 loss-of-function caused by RNA interference increases HIF-1α protein levels, HIF-1-mediated transcription, and VEGF mRNA expression under nonhypoxic conditions. These data indicate that OS-9 is an essential component of a multiprotein complex that regulates HIF-1α levels in an O2-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-512
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular cell
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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