Reconstruction of the lower urinary tract using intestinal segments has become a standard component of the treatment of patients with bladder cancer. A variety of intestinal segments can be successfully used for this purpose. Between 1986 and 1998, the authors have used a composite ileocolic segment for neobladder reconstruction in patients desiring orthotopic reconstruction of the lower urinary tract. The early and late complication rates are 11% and 30%, respectively. Forty-five percent of men are potent postoperatively. Seventy-six percent of patients are continent both day and night. Three percent of our patients experience nocturnal enuresis, and 15% perform clean intermittent catheterization. Bothersome daytime stress urinary incontinence occurs in 3% of patients evaluated for this report. Although no contemporary studies demonstrate the superiority of a particular bowel segment for lower urinary tract reconstruction, the authors' long-term experience with the ileocolic neobladder suggests that this composite segment provides excellent results for lower urinary tract reconstruction after radical cystectomy.
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