Orthopedic implant retrieval and failure analysis

Lynne C. Jones, Audrey K. Tsao, L. D.Timmie Topoleski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Orthopedic devices make up a major percentage of the medical devices being implanted today. Success rates exceeding 95% have been reported. However, their longevity is compromised by fatigue, wear, corrosion, and other degradative mechanisms. Adverse biologic responses to products from these different mechanisms can lead to significant bone loss and may even compromise subsequent surgeries. It is imperative that we fully understand what mechanisms are in play and carefully evaluate strategies to minimize, if not eliminate, these degradation processes. Devices retrieved at revision surgery and at autopsy have provided us with important information regarding the performance of orthopedic implants. Surface characterization of the implant, biomechanical analyses, and histological analysis of the tissues surrounding the implant can provide us with information not available through other sources. This chapter will review the significance of retrieved implants to the long-term survival of these implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDegradation of Implant Materials
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages393-447
Number of pages55
Volume9781461439424
ISBN (Electronic)9781461439424
ISBN (Print)1461439418, 9781461439417
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Jones, L. C., Tsao, A. K., & Topoleski, L. D. T. (2012). Orthopedic implant retrieval and failure analysis. In Degradation of Implant Materials (Vol. 9781461439424, pp. 393-447). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3942-4_15