Ornithine decarboxylase is important in intestinal mucosal maturation and recovery from injury in rats

Gordon D. Luk, Laurence J. Marton, Stephen B. Baylin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A transient increase in ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine biosynthesis occurs in the intestinal mucosa of the newborn rat in the third week after birth. During this period, there is a rapid conversion of the mucosa from a fetal to a mature adult status. A similar increase in ornithine decarboxylase activity also ac-companies the rapid recovery of the mucosa 1 week after an injury is induced by chemotherapy in adult rats. In vivo, α-difluoromethyl ornithine, a highly selective, enzyme-activated, irreversible inhibitor, suppresses these increases in mucosal ornithine decarboxylase and delays both intestinal mucosal maturation and recovery from injury. Thus increased ornithine decarboxylase activity, with the resultant increase in polyamine content, may play an essential role in intestinal mucosal maturation and regeneration in the rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-198
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume210
Issue number4466
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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