Orientation and Perspective Dependence in Route and Survey Learning

Amy L. Shelton, Timothy P. McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three experiments investigated the role of egocentric orientation in subsequent memory for layouts learned via route (ground-level) and survey (aerial or overview) perspectives. Participants learned virtual environments from text descriptions (Experiment 1) or visual presentation (Experiments 1-3). In all experiments, scene recognition for route and survey images revealed a cost for switching perspective from study to test. In addition, recognition performance was facilitated when the test view matched the observer's learned orientation but only for the same-perspective recognition test. Experiment 3 demonstrated orientation dependence in judgments of relative direction, with a strong emphasis on initial heading. Together, these results suggest that establishing a reference system for representing spatial information is dependent on specific characteristics of the learning situation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-170
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

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Learning
experiment
learning
learning situation
Costs and Cost Analysis
layout
Recognition (Psychology)
Surveys and Questionnaires
Experiment
Route
costs
performance
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Orientation and Perspective Dependence in Route and Survey Learning. / Shelton, Amy L.; McNamara, Timothy P.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.2004, p. 158-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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