Organs from deceased donors with false-positive HIV screening tests: An unexpected benefit of the HOPE act

Christine Durand, Samantha E. Halpern, Mary G. Bowring, Gilad A. Bismut, Oyinkansola T. Kusemiju, Brianna Doby, Reinaldo E. Fernandez, Charles S. Kirby, Darin Bruce Ostrander, Peter G. Stock, Shikha Mehta, Nicole A. Turgeon, David Wojciechowski, Shirish Huprikar, Sander Florman, Shane Ottmann, Niraj M Desai, Andrew M Cameron, Allan B Massie, Aaron A TobianAndrew Redd, Dorry Segev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Organs from deceased donors with suspected false-positive HIV screening tests were generally discarded due to the chance that the test was truly positive. However, the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act now facilitates use of such organs for transplantation to HIV-infected (HIV+) individuals. In the HOPE in Action trial, donors without a known HIV infection who unexpectedly tested positive for anti-HIV antibody (Ab) or HIV nucleic acid test (NAT) were classified as suspected false-positive donors. Between March 2016 and March 2018, 10 suspected false-positive donors had organs recovered for transplant for 21 HIV + recipients (14 single-kidney, 1 double-kidney, 5 liver, 1 simultaneous liver-kidney). Median donor age was 24 years; cause of death was trauma (n = 5), stroke (n = 4), and anoxia (n = 1); three donors were labeled Public Health Service increased infectious risk. Median kidney donor profile index was 30.5 (IQR 22-58). Eight donors were HIV Ab+/NAT-; two were HIV Ab-/NAT+. All 10 suspected false-positive donors were confirmed to be HIV-noninfected. Given the false-positive rates of approved assays used to screen > 20 000 deceased donors annually, we estimate 50-100 HIV false-positive donors per year. Organ transplantation from suspected HIV false-positive donors is an unexpected benefit of the HOPE Act that provides another novel organ source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Tissue Donors
HIV
HIV Antibodies
Nucleic Acids
Kidney
Organ Transplantation
United States Public Health Service
Liver
HIV Infections
Cause of Death
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Stroke
Transplants
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Clinical research
  • Clinical trial
  • Donors and donation: donor evaluation
  • Infection and infectious agents-viral: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Infectious disease
  • Law
  • Legislation
  • Organ allocation
  • Organ procurement organization
  • Organ transplantation in general
  • Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Organs from deceased donors with false-positive HIV screening tests : An unexpected benefit of the HOPE act. / Durand, Christine; Halpern, Samantha E.; Bowring, Mary G.; Bismut, Gilad A.; Kusemiju, Oyinkansola T.; Doby, Brianna; Fernandez, Reinaldo E.; Kirby, Charles S.; Ostrander, Darin Bruce; Stock, Peter G.; Mehta, Shikha; Turgeon, Nicole A.; Wojciechowski, David; Huprikar, Shirish; Florman, Sander; Ottmann, Shane; Desai, Niraj M; Cameron, Andrew M; Massie, Allan B; Tobian, Aaron A; Redd, Andrew; Segev, Dorry.

In: American Journal of Transplantation, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Durand, Christine ; Halpern, Samantha E. ; Bowring, Mary G. ; Bismut, Gilad A. ; Kusemiju, Oyinkansola T. ; Doby, Brianna ; Fernandez, Reinaldo E. ; Kirby, Charles S. ; Ostrander, Darin Bruce ; Stock, Peter G. ; Mehta, Shikha ; Turgeon, Nicole A. ; Wojciechowski, David ; Huprikar, Shirish ; Florman, Sander ; Ottmann, Shane ; Desai, Niraj M ; Cameron, Andrew M ; Massie, Allan B ; Tobian, Aaron A ; Redd, Andrew ; Segev, Dorry. / Organs from deceased donors with false-positive HIV screening tests : An unexpected benefit of the HOPE act. In: American Journal of Transplantation. 2018.
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