Orbital Disease in Neuro-Ophthalmology

Michael K. Yoon, Timothy J. McCulley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Virtually all abnormalities of the orbit can result in neuro-ophthalmic findings: optic neuropathies, motility disorders, and changes in sensation. Subtle orbital disease, presenting with neuro-ophthalmic findings, is frequently overlooked on initial evaluation. By contrast, obvious orbital diseases, such as Graves disease, are also commonly managed by neuro-ophthalmologists, and although they might not come with much of a diagnostic dilemma, may be a challenge to treat. This article focuses on those disorders more commonly encountered or that come with more serious consequences if misdiagnosed. Orbital trauma, hemorrhage, neoplasm, and inflammation are covered in some detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-699
Number of pages21
JournalNeurologic clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Fracture
  • Orbit
  • Orbital hemorrhage
  • Orbital inflammatory disease
  • Traumatic optic neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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