Orally delivered pentobarbital as a reinforcer for rhesus monkeys with concurrent access to water: Effects of concentration, fixed-ratio size, and liquid positions

Victor J. DeNoble, Dace S. Svikis, Richard A. Meisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The number of liquid deliveries and pattern of concurrent pentobarbital and water drinking were studied in three food deprived rhesus monkeys during daily 3-hr sessions. During the daily sessions, deliveries of approximately 0.6 ml of each liquid occured under fixed-ratio (FR) schedules of lip contact responses. Between sessions water was freely available. Session drinking was studied as a function of pentobarbital concentration (1.0, 1.41, 2.0, and 4.0 mg/ml) and FR size (4, 8, 16 and 32 lip contacts per delivery). The number of drug deliveries decreased with increases in drug concentration. Drug intake ranged from 21 to 52 mg/kg of body wt./3-hr session. At all concentrations and FR values tested, the number of pentobarbital deliveries substantially exceeded the number of water deliveries. The positive reinforcing effect of the pentobarbital was indicated by a consistent choice of drug over water irrespective of the side position of pentobarbital and by higher rates of drug responding. Pentobarbital drinking occured in a negatively accelerated pattern whereas water drinking did not have any consistent pattern. Marked intoxication followed bouts of drug drinking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1982

Keywords

  • Concurrent schedules
  • Drug concentration
  • Fixed ratio schedules
  • Oral drug self-administration
  • Pentobarbital reinforcement
  • Rhesus monkeys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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