Oral Diets and Nutrition Support for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: What is the Evidence?

Neha D. Shah, Alyssa M. Parian, Gerard E. Mullin, Berkeley N. Limketkai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which primarily includes Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis, involves chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. The mechanisms of IBD pathogenesis are not well understood at this time, but likely involve an interaction between genetic, gut microbial, immune, and environmental factors. Emerging epidemiologic studies have suggested a relationship between specific dietary nutrients as an environmental factor and IBD risk. Clinical trials have also shown oral diets to have variable efficacy in affecting clinical outcomes for IBD. This review discusses the key studies that evaluated the use of various oral diets as well as nutrition support in the management of IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-473
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • diet fiber
  • enteral nutrition
  • gluten
  • inflammatory bowel diseases
  • lactose
  • nutrition therapy
  • nutritional support
  • parenteral nutrition
  • ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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