Optimized spatial-spectral CT for multi-material decomposition

Matthew Tivnan, Wenying Wang, Steven Tilley, Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen, J. W. Stayman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Spectral CT is an emerging modality that uses a data acquisition scheme with varied spectral responses to provide enhanced material discrimination in addition to the structural information of conventional CT. Existing clinical and preclinical designs with this capability include kV-switching, split-filtration, and dual-layer detector systems to provide two spectral channels of projection data. In this work, we examine an alternate design based on a spatialspectral filter. This source-side filter is made up a linear array of materials that divide the incident x-ray beam into spectrally varied beamlets. This design allows for any number of spectral channels; however, each individual channel is sparse in the projection domain. Model-based iterative reconstruction methods can accommodate such sparse spatialspectral sampling patterns and allow for the incorporation of advanced regularization. With the goal of an optimized physical design, we characterize the effects of design parameters including filter tile order and filter tile width and their impact on material decomposition performance. We present results of numerical simulations that characterize the impact of each design parameter using a realistic CT geometry and noise model to demonstrate feasibility. Results for filter tile order show little change indicating that filter order is a low-priority design consideration. We observe improved performance for narrower filter widths; however, the performance drop-off is relatively flat indicating that wider filter widths are also feasible designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
EditorsSamuel Matej, Scott D. Metzler
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510628373
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Event15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Fully3D 2019 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: Jun 2 2019Jun 6 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11072
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

Conference15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Fully3D 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period6/2/196/6/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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