Optical coherence tomography and multiple sclerosis: Update on clinical application and role in clinical trials

Jeffrey Lambe, Shiv Saidha, Robert A. Bermel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a fast, non-invasive, inexpensive, high-resolution imaging technique in multiple sclerosis (MS). Retinal layer quantification by OCT facilitates a ‘window’ into not only local retinal pathology but also global neurodegenerative processes, recognised to be the principal substrates of disability accumulation in MS. While OCT measures in MS have been demonstrated to reflect visual function, inflammatory activity outside of the visual pathways, disability measures including the prediction of disability progression, whole brain atrophy, and the differential neuroprotective effects of disease-modifying therapies, debate continues regarding the clinical utility of OCT in everyday practice. This review presents an overview of the evidence supporting OCT, with particular focus on its application in the MS clinic. We will also discuss the role of OCT in MS clinical trials to develop novel neuroprotective and potential remyelinating therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMultiple Sclerosis Journal
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019



  • clinical trials
  • clinical utility
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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